Category: Biographies Memoirs Of Scientists

  • Machiavelli: oder Die Kunst der Macht (German Edition) by Volker Reinhardt

    By Volker Reinhardt

    Volker Reinhardt legt mit diesem Buch die erste Biographie über Machiavelli seit Jahrzehnten vor. Er beschreibt dessen Kindheit und Jugend im Florenz der Renaissance, den Aufstieg zum Politiker und Diplomaten sowie sein Leben als Literat und von den Mächtigen verfolgter Provokateur. Das Ergebnis ist ein neues Bild von Machiavelli als einem Theoretiker der Macht, der in seinem eigenen Leben und Werk auf Macht und Täuschung verzichtete.
    Machiavellis Lehre, wie guy Macht erlangt, ist bis heute eine kalte Dusche: ethical, Recht und faith soll der Fürst als Fassade einsetzen, um seine Gegner in falscher Sicherheit zu wiegen. Keinesfalls darf er selbst daran glauben. Viele haben sich voller Abscheu von Machiavelli abgewandt, aber es gibt auch eine Reihe von Bewunderern, die von Friedrich Nietzsche über Hannah Arendt bis zu heutigen Nutzanwendungen für den Alltag reicht. Wie lebt jemand, der die Techniken der Macht durchschaut, aber selbst keine Macht hat? Volker Reinhardt zeigt, dass sich hinter dem illusionslosen Zyniker Machiavelli ein Idealist verbirgt, der an die perfekte Republik und das gute Leben glaubt. Gerade dieser Machiavelli hat uns bis heute etwas zu sagen.
    Show description

  • An Atomic Love Story: The Extraordinary Women in Robert by Shirley Streshinsky,Patricia Klaus

    By Shirley Streshinsky,Patricia Klaus

    A gripping narrative of the affection and betrayal of J. Robert Oppenheimer, advised during the lives of 3 distinctive women.

    Set opposed to a dramatic backdrop of conflict, spies, and nuclear bombs, An Atomic Love tale unveils a bright new view of a tumultuous period and considered one of its most vital figures. within the early many years of the 20 th century, 3 hugely bold ladies stumbled on their solution to the West Coast, the place every one was once destined to collide with the younger Oppenheimer, the enigmatic physicist whose paintings in growing the atomic bomb might eternally impression sleek background. His first and such a lot extreme love was once for Jean Tatlock, even though he married the tempestuous Kitty Harrison—both have been participants of the Communist Party—and used to be rumored to have had a scandalous affair with the intense Ruth Sherman Tolman, ten years his senior and the spouse of one other celebrated physicist. even supposing every one have been attached via their courting to Oppenheimer, their stories replicate vital adjustments within the lives of yank ladies within the twentieth century: the clash among occupation and marriage; the necessity for a girl to outline herself independently; experimentation with sexuality; and the expansion of profession opportunities.

    Beautifully written and fantastically researched via a wealthy selection of firsthand money owed, this intimate portrait stocks the tragedies, betrayals, and romances of an captivating guy and 3 daring ladies, revealing how they driven to the very vanguard of social and cultural alterations in a desirable, risky era.

    "Through diligent study, remarkable insights, and transparent, incisive writing, Streshinsky and Klaus have deepened our knowing of Robert Oppenheimer's emotional lifestyles and loves. to appreciate his interesting complexity, readers drawn to the 20 th century's so much interesting American scientist needs to now complement the various biographical Oppenheimer tomes with this incredible concise and particular e-book. someone with the slightest curiosity in Oppenheimer's biography will be unable to place it down." —Martin J. Sherwin, co-author of the 2006 Pulitzer Prize-winning American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer

    “An Atomic Love tale is a narrative of many loves. an entire new variety of Robert Oppenheimer’s existence emerges, a deeper and richer view of 1 of the pivotal figures of the 20 th century.” —Richard Rhodes, Pulitzer Prize–winning writer of The Making of the Atomic Bomb

    “It is most unlikely to work out Robert Oppenheimer complete with out knowing the 3 nice loves of his lifestyles. A closed e-book to many of the global, he opened himself to those 3 girls, exhibiting them the intensity and depth of his eager for the intimacies of the spirit in addition to these of the flesh. An Atomic Love tale supplies us the lacking piece of the man.” —Patricia O’Toole, writer of The 5 of Hearts: An Intimate Portrait of Henry Adams and His pals and whilst Trumpets name: Theodore Roosevelt after the White House

    Shirley Streshinsky is the significantly acclaimed writer of 3 works of nonfiction and 4 old novels. As a journalist and go back and forth essayist, she has written greatly for Redbook, Glamour, maintenance, American history, the yankee student, and Condé Nast vacationer and has been featured on NPR. She is the recipient of the Society of journal Writers’ Award for Excellence and the nationwide Council for the development of schooling Writing Award. She used to be married to the past due photojournalist Ted Streshinsky and has 3 grown young children. She lives in Kensington (Berkeley), California.

    Patricia Klaus got her PhD in sleek British heritage from Stanford the place she really expert in women’s experiences, the historical past of marriage, and the examine of warfare and literature. She has taught at Yale, Stanford, and the college of Virginia and has released scholarly papers with reference to girls. Klaus lives along with her husband and sons on a farm in Sonoma County, California.
    Show description

  • Adolphe Quetelet, Social Physics and the Average Men of by Kevin Donnelly

    By Kevin Donnelly

    Adolphe Quetelet was once an influential astronomer and statistician whose debatable paintings encouraged heated debate in ecu and American highbrow circles. In making a technology designed to provide an explanation for the “average man,” he helped give a contribution to the assumption of standard, so much enduringly in his production of the Quetelet Index, which got here to be referred to as the physique Mass Index.  Kevin Donnelly provides the 1st scholarly biography of Quetelet, exploring his contribution to quantitative reasoning, his position in nineteenth-century highbrow heritage, and his profound effect at the glossy inspiration of average.
    Show description

  • Vienna in the Age of Uncertainty: Science, Liberalism, and by Deborah R. Coen

    By Deborah R. Coen

    Vienna within the Age of Uncertainty strains the very important and sundry roles of technology throughout the tale of 3 generations of the eminent Exner relations, whose participants incorporated Nobel Prize–winning biologist Karl Frisch, the lecturers of Freud and of physicist Erwin Schrödinger, artists of the Vienna Secession, and a pace-setter of Vienna’s women’s circulate. education her serious eye at the Exners in the course of the upward push and fall of Austrian liberalism and into the increase of the 3rd Reich, Deborah R. Coen demonstrates the interdependence of the family’s clinical and family lives, exploring the ways that public notions of rationality, objectivity, and autonomy have been shaped within the inner most sphere. Vienna within the Age of Uncertainty offers the tale of the Exners as a microcosm of the bigger achievements and tragedies of Austrian political and clinical lifestyles within the past due 19th and early 20th centuries. 

    Show description

  • La memoria secreta de las hojas: Una historia de árboles, by Hope Jahren,María José Viejo Pérez,Ignacio Villaro Gumpert

    By Hope Jahren,María José Viejo Pérez,Ignacio Villaro Gumpert

    La memoria secreta de las hojas no es solo un libro, es el fascinante debut de una mujer consagrada a l. a. ciencia, el retrato conmovedor de una larga amistad y una exposición sorprendente del mundo de las plantas que cambiará radicalmente nuestra forma de contemplar l. a. naturaleza.

    En su ópera prima, wish Jahren nos presenta un revelador tratado sobre los angeles vida de las plantas que además versa sobre el trabajo y sobre el amor, y sobre cómo se pueden mover montañas cuando ambos van a l. a. par.

    Show description

  • The Life and Letters of George John Romanes, M. A., LL D., by Romanes,George John

    By Romanes,George John

    in contrast to another reproductions of vintage texts (1) we've not used OCR(Optical personality Recognition), as this ends up in undesirable caliber books with brought typos. (2) In books the place there are photos comparable to pics, maps, sketches and so on we've got endeavoured to maintain the standard of those pictures, so that they characterize effectively the unique artefact. even though sometimes there's definite imperfections with those previous texts, we consider they should be made to be had for destiny generations to enjoy.
    Show description

  • Tesla: The Forgotten Genius of Electricity by James Samuels

    By James Samuels

    Nikola Tesla (10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943) was once an inventor, mechanical engineer, and electric engineer. He was once a tremendous contributor to the start of business electrical energy, and is better recognized for his many innovative advancements within the box of electromagnetism within the past due nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

    Tesla harnessed the savage strength of Niagara Falls, invented the phone amplifier, the arc mild, the Tesla coil. Of the 2 hundred and twelve patents granted him, 100 and ten are in crucial use today.

    Tesla's patents and theoretical paintings shaped the root of recent alternating present (AC) electrical strength platforms, together with the polyphase procedure of electric distribution and the AC motor. This paintings helped bring in the second one business Revolution.

    Because of his eccentric character and his probably unimaginable and infrequently extraordinary claims approximately attainable medical and technological advancements, Tesla was once finally ostracized and considered as a mad scientist by means of many overdue in his existence.

    Tesla died with little cash on the age of 86 in a inn suite in ny City.

    This publication is the tale of his existence and accomplishments - and the secrets and techniques in the back of his maximum innovations.

    "Well-researched and engaging examine on certainly one of our best forgotten scientists."
    - Publisher's Weekly
    Show description

  • The Cybernetic Brain: Sketches of Another Future by Andrew Pickering

    By Andrew Pickering

    Cybernetics is frequently regarded as a grim army or business technology of keep watch over. yet as Andrew Pickering unearths during this beguiling ebook, a way more vigorous and experimental pressure of cybernetics should be traced from the Nineteen Forties to the present.

    The Cybernetic Brain explores a mostly forgotten crew of British thinkers, together with gray Walter, Ross Ashby, Gregory Bateson, R. D. Laing, Stafford Beer, and Gordon Pask, and their singular paintings in a blinding array of fields. Psychiatry, engineering, administration, politics, tune, structure, schooling, tantric yoga, the Beats, and the sixties counterculture all come into play as Pickering follows the heritage of cybernetics’ influence at the global, from modern robotics and complexity idea to the Chilean financial system lower than Salvador Allende. What underpins this attention-grabbing heritage, Pickering contends, is a shared yet unconventional imaginative and prescient of the realm as finally unknowable, a spot the place actual novelty is usually rising. And hence, Pickering avers, the historical past of cybernetics presents us with an innovative version of open-ended experimentation in stark competition to the fashionable urge to accomplish domination over nature and every other.
    Show description

  • Making Medicine Scientific: John Burdon Sanderson and the by Terrie M. Romano

    By Terrie M. Romano

    In Victorian Britain medical drugs encompassed an array of actions, from laboratory study and using clinical applied sciences during the implementation of sanitary measures that tired canals and avoided the adulteration of milk and bread. even supposing so much practitioners supported clinical drugs, controversies arose over the place judgements might be made, within the laboratory or within the sanatorium, and via whom -- scientific practitioners or learn scientists. during this research, Terrie Romano makes use of the existence and eclectic occupation of Sir John Burdon Sanderson (1829-1905) to discover the Victorian crusade to make drugs scientific.

    Sanderson, in lots of methods a prototypical Victorian, started his expert paintings as a scientific practitioner and clinical Officer of overall healthiness in London, then grew to become a pathologist and physiologist and at last the Regius Professor of medication at Oxford. His profession illustrates the common aid in this period for a drugs in line with technology. In Making medication Scientific, Romano argues this aid used to be fueled by way of the optimism attribute of the Victorian age, while the applying of medical ways to various social difficulties was once anticipated to accomplish development. airborne dirt and dust and sickness in addition to the fabric tradition of experimentation -- from frogs to images -- symbolize the tangible context during which Sanderson lived and labored. Romano's particular portrayal unearths a desirable determine who embodied the untidy nature of the Victorian age's shift from an highbrow method rooted in faith to at least one in response to science.

    Show description

  • A Chemist’s Role in the Birth of Atomic Energy by Julie E. Coryell,Joan Bainbridge Safford

    By Julie E. Coryell,Joan Bainbridge Safford

    pushed by way of wartime urgency, shadowed by means of the ancient implications in their paintings, scientists recruited to the new york Project—many of them unusually young—raced to appreciate atomic power and plumb its strength to finish global conflict II. In 1960, for the Columbia collage Oral heritage examine middle, American chemist Charles Coryell recorded an account of his schooling in southern California and Nazi Germany within the Thirties, his paintings at the big apple venture at Chicago and Oak Ridge, and his post-war profession at MIT.

    Upon the invention of point sixty one, in 1945, Coryell’s spouse, greedy the Promethean nature of nuclear expertise, provided the identify Promethium and quoted: “You have stolen hearth from the gods, and mankind could undergo for it.” Her quote and his reminiscences echo at the present time because the international grapples with the promise and perils of atomic energy.
    Show description