Category: Epistemology

  • Begriffsgeschichte der Naturwissenschaften (German Edition) by Ernst / Schmieder, Falko Müller

    By Ernst / Schmieder, Falko Müller

    The expanding cultural importance of the traditional sciences provides conceptual heritage with the duty of reorganising its different types and strategies. the best problem this is the merging of conceptual historical past and the background of technological know-how and the mixing of the average sciences within the undertaking of an interdisciplinary cultural historical past. the current quantity is the 1st to take on this desideratum in a scientific demeanour. The contributions via popular representatives of the main disparate disciplines endure witness either to the variety of the recent views and to the problems of such an undertaking.
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  • Intuition by Elijah Chudnoff

    By Elijah Chudnoff

    we all know approximately our quick environment—about the folks, animals, and issues round us—by having sensory perceptions. in line with a practice that lines again to Plato, we all know approximately summary reality—about arithmetic, morality, and metaphysics—by having intuitions, which might be considered highbrow perceptions. The tough inspiration in the back of the analogy is that this: whereas sensory perceptions are stories that purport to, and occasionally do, demonstrate how issues stand
    in concrete fact by way of making us conscious of that fact in the course of the senses, intuitions are studies that purport to, and occasionally do, exhibit how issues stand in summary fact by means of making us conscious of that truth during the mind. during this publication, Elijah Chudnoff elaborates and defends such a
    view of instinct. He specializes in the event of getting an instinct, at the justification for ideals that derives from instinct, and at the touch with summary truth through instinct. during constructing a scientific account of the phenomenology, epistemology, and metaphysics of instinct on which it counts as a kind of highbrow conception Chudnoff additionally takes up similar concerns resembling the a priori, perceptual justification and data, ideas and realizing, inference,
    mental motion, and skeptical demanding situations to intuition.
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  • Phänomenologie der Sinne: Grundwissen Philosophie (Reclam by Madalina Diaconu

    By Madalina Diaconu

    Sehen, Hören, Tasten, Riechen, Schmecken - die Sinne erschließen uns die Welt. Sie vermitteln Erkenntnis und schaffen Lust. Leiblichkeit ist ihre Grundlage, wird aber von jeder Kultur anders gedeutet. Die Entwicklung der Naturwissenschaften und die Erweiterung der Wahrnehmungsforschung auf frühere Epochen, nichtwestliche Kulturen und auf die nichtvisuellen Sinne verlangen eine neue philosophische Auslegung. Die moderne Technik und die Neuen Medien haben die Rolle des Körpers verändert. Wie werden additionally die Sinne gedacht? used to be geschieht bei der Wahrnehmung? Und worin liegt der Sinn der Sinne?

    Text aus der Reihe "Grundwissen Philosophie" mit Seitenzählung der gedruckten Ausgabe.
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  • Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology by Gregor Damschen,Robert Schnepf,Karsten R. Stüber,Karsten

    By Gregor Damschen,Robert Schnepf,Karsten R. Stüber,Karsten Stüber

    Ordinary language and medical discourse are jam-packed with linguistic expressions for dispositional homes comparable to “soluble,” “elastic,” “reliable,” and “humorous.” We symbolize gadgets in all domain names – actual items in addition to human folks – with assistance from dispositional expressions. for that reason, the concept that of a disposition has traditionally and systematically performed a important position in several parts of philosophy starting from metaphysics to ethics.

    The contributions of this quantity examine the traditional foundations of the dialogue approximately disposition, learn the matter of disposition in the context of the root of contemporary technological know-how, and examine this dispute as much as the 20 th century. moreover, articles discover the modern theories of dispositions.

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  • Ambiguità: Un viaggio fra letteratura e matematica by Gabriele Lolli

    By Gabriele Lolli

    AMBIGUITÀ: l’essere ambiguo; possibilità
    di equivoco, duplicità di significato,
    di interpretazione; incertezza, confusione,
    oscurità; perplessità, dubbio, irresolutezza…

    Grande Dizionario della Lingua Italiana

    Nell’universo letterario e artistico l’ambiguità è da sempre portatrice di valore estetico, e presiede ai temi dell’identità, della memoria, dell’invenzione, del doppio. Ma in
    quel fortino della precisione e della chiarezza che è los angeles matematica, qual è il ruolo di un concetto così destabilizzante e angoscioso? Lungi dall’appartenere all’esclusivo regno della visione poetica e artistica, l’ambiguità svolge in questo campo una funzione assai rilevante, come stimolo e motore di progresso, tutte le volte che si introduce un nuovo concetto, e nell’idea stessa di dimostrazione. Il libro ci fa vedere l’ambiguità all’opera nelle geometrie non euclidee, nell’infinito, nella logica e nella probabilità, così come nelle pagine di Calvino,
    Philip Roth e Melville, scoprendo infine un inatteso terreno d’incontro fra letteratura e matematica nel gioco degli scacchi.
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  • Bertrand Russell on Nuclear War, Peace, and Language: by Alan Schwerin

    By Alan Schwerin

    One of the main well-liked philosophers and activists of the 20 th century, Bertrand Russell is understood not just for his basic contributions at the scope of human wisdom and on mathematical common sense, but in addition for his often-controversial perspectives on moral and linguistic issues. This edited number of unique essays through admired Russell students makes a speciality of the philosopher's positions at the key problems with nuclear conflict, peace, and language. The participants significantly check Russell's arguments inside of their ancient and philosophical context and exhibit the importance and topicality that his principles have retained to the current day, a few eighty years considering that their first articulation. one of the matters tested are Russell's advocacy of preventive conflict opposed to the Soviets, his activism for peace, his serious review of Wittgenstein's research of normal language, and his account of mathematical statements.

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  • Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Hume on Knowledge by Harold Noonan

    By Harold Noonan

    David Hume was once some of the most vital British philosophers of the eighteenth century. the 1st a part of his Treatise on Human Nature is a seminal paintings in philosophy. Hume on Knowledge introduces and assesses:
    * Humes lifestyles and the historical past of the Treatise
    * the information and textual content within the Treatise
    * Humes carrying on with significance to philosophy
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  • Relational Remembering: Rethinking the Memory Wars (Feminist by Sue Campbell

    By Sue Campbell

    Tracing the impression of the 'memory wars' on technological know-how and tradition, Relational Remembering deals a lively philosophical problem to the modern skepticism approximately reminiscence that's their legacy. Campbell's paintings presents an in depth conceptual research of the recommendations used to problem women's stories, quite these intended to impress a basic social alarm approximately suggestibility. Sue Campbell argues that we won't come to an enough knowing of the character and price of reminiscence via a distorted view of rememberers. the dangerous stereotypes of women's passivity and instability that experience repopulated discussions of abuse have led many theorists to treat the social dimensions of remembering in simple terms negatively, as a danger or contaminant to reminiscence integrity. Such versions of reminiscence can't aid us snatch the character of harms associated with oppression, as those versions indicate that modified crew understandings of the earlier are incompatible with the integrity of private reminiscence. Campbell makes use of the fake reminiscence debates to protect a feminist reconceptualization of non-public reminiscence as relational, social, and topic to politics. reminiscence is analyzed as a posh of cognitive skills and social/narrative actions the place one's luck or failure as a rememberer is either suffering from one's social place and has profound ramifications for one's cultural prestige as an ethical agent.
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  • Principia Meta-Ethica by Calvin P. Van Reken

    By Calvin P. Van Reken

    Metaethics is the examine of ethical language, ethical ontology, and ethical epistemology. This booklet addresses every one of those in a fashion obtainable to either scholars philosophers.

    Van Reken defends the vintage view of ethical realism, complex through philosophers reminiscent of Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, and Kant.

    Moral language has a tendency to be the focal point of a lot present metaethical dialogue, yet this quantity matters itself extra with questions of ethical ontology and ethical epistemology. the idea that of the ethical box is brought, which is helping distinguish what's ethical and what's amoral (a dialogue too frequently ignored by way of moralists), and--adapting an epistemological idea built through Alvin Plantinga--an argument is made that we will be aware of ethical truths.

    Principia Meta-Ethica provides a go back to the middle problems with metaethics and strengthens the case for ethical realism with new arguments, differences, and concepts.

    "In this significant booklet, Calvin Van Reken concerns a decision for ethicists to come back to the exploration of an ethical order that holds for all humans in all occasions and areas. Such an order, he rightly insists, isn't really of our personal making--it is to be chanced on via us. Having issued the decision, Van Reken develops a compelling case for a way to reply to it successfully."
    --Richard J. Mouw, Fuller Theological Seminary

    "Van Reken's e-book is an important achievement--a transparent, thorough, cogent, and effortlessly obtainable safety of classical ethical realism in an age of ethical constructivism and relativism. certainly one of its strengths is that even if his conclusions comport good with Christian and different non secular perspectives of ethics, his research and arguments are philosophical and never depending on exceptionally non secular assumptions. This booklet benefits attention by way of all who're drawn to metaethics."
    --John W. Cooper, Professor of Philosophical Theology, Calvin Theological Seminary

    "Principia Meta-Ethica is a welcome publication for our occasions. Van Reken's case for traditional ethical realism presents clarifying discussions of the ethical order, the ethical box, warranted ethical trust, and the grounding of morality. In a clear-thinking analytic kind, he proposes an bold metaethical concept encompassing either teleology and deontology. this could galvanize very important discussions, particularly between those that should contemplate themselves rivals."
    --Anne Poortenga, coauthor, The tale of Ethics: pleasant Our Human Nature; cofounder, Trinitas Classical university, Grand Rapids, Michigan

    Calvin P. Van Reken is the Professor of ethical Theology at Calvin Theological Seminary and a pastor within the Christian Reformed Church. He has a PhD in philosophy from the collage of Chicago.
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